top of page
图3 本文基于对克莱因四元群的学习与借鉴发展出的风景园林思潮讨论模型.jpg
GDYL 202005.jpg


Gandong Cai and Mingjie Cai

2020 - Present




GDYL 202004.jpg
2022 issue1.jpg

This part is a SIMPLE VERSION of the research work we did for the Guangdong Landscape Architecture journal. To see the full essays, please check the Guangdong Landscape Architecture journal. Full text in English will be published later in the form of a collection.

Ongoing Interview Series:

Charles Waldheim (2020 Oct Volume)


Gareth Doherty (2020 Dec Volume)


Bradley Cantrell (2021 Feb Volume)

Sergio Lopez-Pineiro (2021 June Volume)

Suzanne Mathew (2022 Feb Volume)

Alexandra Mei (incoming)



From Planetarization to Locality: a Research Plan of Landscape Architecture Trends Based on the Klein Group Diagram

Abstract: Resonating with the significant improvement of observing and perceiving the world, the scale of design and research is enlarged to simultaneously engage the topics of planetarization and locality, from which lots of current theoretical trends derive. This article proposes a research plan for an organizational and systematic study of the new landscape architecture ideas, based on and developed from the Klein Group Diagram, and briefly introduces four important landscape architecture theory trends, including landscape theories on planetary urbanization, landscape narrative from a new geographic perspective, local-issue-driven landscape research, and intuition-oriented landscape exploration.

Keywords: Landscape theory; Klein group diagram; Planetary urbanization; Locality; Art-based-research

1. Scalar Expansion of Landscape Research and Practice

2. New Theory Model based on the Klein Group Diagram

3. Current Landscape Theories in the US

3.1 Landscape Theories on Planetary Urbanization

3.2 Landscape Narrative from A New Geographic Perspective

3.3 Local-issue-driven Landscape Research

3.4 Intuition-oriented Landscape Exploration

4. A Long-term Plan for Landscape Theories Study




Planetary Urbanization: New Theoretical Ground for Landscape Architecture

Abstract: As an urban theory built on the criticism of city/non-city duality, Planetary Urbanization advocates for the study of non-city territories and proposes operational landscape in a global scale, demonstrating its close relationship with the discipline of landscape architecture. New theoretical trends stem from Planetary Urbanization, including planetary ecology, planetary architecture and planetary infrastructure, provide new manifestation and manipulation methods for the education and practice of landscape architecture, as well as motivate collaboration and integration between multiple disciplines. With its strong characteristic of synthesis and inclusiveness, landscape architecture is taking a critical responsibility in the building of global environment under a planetary perspective.

Keywords: Planetary urbanization; Urban theory; Landscape infrastructure; Anthropocene; Urban ecology

1. Planetary Urbanization--A New Background for Landscape Architecture

2. Trans-disciplinary Development of Landscape Architecture in the Scale of Planetary

2.1 Planetary Urbanization

2.2 Planetary Architecture

2.3 Planetary Ecology

2.4 Planetary Infrastructure

3. Toward A New Theoretical Ground for Landscape Architecture


Disciplinarity on Planetarization: The Research Plan of Landscape Architecture Trends in Retrospect (1)

Abstract: The new trends of landscape architecture that appeared in recent years demonstrate simultaneously the multi-scalar and multi-disciplinary exploration and the rethinking of the design culture. In order to introduce these cutting-edge concepts from the western academic world, the research plan sets up planetarization and locality as two radical parameters and invites scholars to elaborate on the related topics. This article reviews the first-year accomplishments of the research plan and generalizes the perspectives of the four interviewees that have disparate research focus and scale of approach. These topics can be concluded into the planetary theories and the discipline's design culture, the extraterrestrial imagination, the territorial scale of multi-disciplinary collaboration, the role of landscape architecture in local issues, and the on-site spirit of the urban voids. Based on the concepts discussed during the interviews, the article extends the arguments and examines the feasibility of the research framework in guiding the next phase of research and building the platform for international academic communication.

Keywords: Landscape Theory; Planetary urbanization; Locality; Extraterrestrial; Multi-disciplinary collaboration; Design culture

1. The Landscape Architecture Research Plan

2. The Imaginary Space in Planetary Theories

3. Multi-disciplinary Collaboration in the Era of Planetarization

Landscape Architecture Theory Course: 

Modern & Contemporary Design Trends- Planetarization and Locality

Inward Enrichment: Exploration of Subjectivity & Perception

Outward Extention: Multidisciplinary Collaboration

lecture presentation file.jpg
bottom of page